713, Mota Singh Nagar, Near Bus Stand, Jalandhar
40-A, Kennedy Avenue, Court Road, Amritsar
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ICSI Treatment

ICSI-treatment

What is ICSI?

  • ICSI is an acronym for Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection.
  • A fancy way of saying "inject sperm into egg"
  • ICSI is a very effective method to fertilize eggs in the IVF lab after they have been aspirated from the female

Its main use is for significant male infertility cases in normal IVF, many sperm are placed together with an egg, in hopes that one of the sperm will enter and fertilize the egg. With ICSI, the embryologist takes a single sperm and injects it directly into an egg.

Why is ICSI Done?

ICSI is typically used in cases of severe male infertility, including:

  • Sperm concentrations of less than 15-20 million per milliliter
  • Low sperm motility - less than 35%
  • Very poor sperm morphology (subjective - specific cutoff value is debatable)
  • Having previous IVF with no fertilization - or a low rate of fertilization (low percentage of mature eggs that were normally fertilized).
  • If a man does not have any sperm in his ejaculate, but he is producing sperm, they may be retrieved through testicular sperm extraction, or TESE. Sperm retrieved through TESE require the use of ICSI.
  • ICSI is also used in cases of retrograde ejaculation, if the sperm are retrieved from the man's urine.
  • ICSI may also be done if regular IVF treatment cycles have not achieved fertilization.
  • Sometimes it is used for couples that have a low yield of eggs at egg retrieval. In this scenario, ICSI is being used to try to get a higher percentage of eggs fertilized than with conventional insemination of the eggs (mixing eggs and sperm together).

What is the Procedure for ICSI?

ICSI is done as a part of IVF. Since ICSI is done in the lab, your IVF treatment won't seem much different than an IVF treatment without ICSI.

The success rate of ICSI is very much higher at Vardaan Medical Centre providing the expert ICSI treatment in Jalandhar and the couples often opt for ICSI when the conventional IVF technique does not produce desired results for them. The success rate of ICSI is directly proportional to the age: the younger the patient is; the higher are the chances of success.

As with regular IVF, you'll take ovarian stimulating drugs, while your doctor will monitor your progress with blood tests and ultrasounds. Once you've grown enough good-sized follicles, you'll have the egg retrieval, where eggs are removed from your ovaries with a specialized, ultrasound-guided needle.

Your partner will provide his sperm sample that same day (unless you're using a sperm donor, or previously frozen sperm.

Once the eggs are retrieved, an embryologist will place the eggs in a special culture, and using a microscope and tiny needle, a single sperm will be injected into an egg. This will be done for each egg retrieved.

  • Monitor and stimulate the development of healthy egg(s) in the ovaries.
  • Collect the eggs.
  • Secure the sperm.
  • Transfer embryos into the uterus.
  • Combine the eggs and sperm together in the laboratory and provide the appropriate environment for fertilization and early embryo growth.

What is IVF?

In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a process by which an egg is fertilised by sperm outside the body: in vitro. IVF is a major treatment for infertility when other methods of assisted reproductive technology have failed. The process involves monitoring a woman's ovulatory process, removing ovum or ova (egg or eggs) from the woman's ovaries and letting sperm fertilize them in a fluid medium in a laboratory. When a woman's natural cycle is monitored to collect a naturally selected ovum (egg) for fertilisation, it is known as natural cycle IVF. The fertilised egg (zygote) is then transferred to the patient's uterus with the intent to establish a successful pregnancy. The first successful birth of a "test tube baby", Louise Brown, occurred in 1978. Louise Brown was born as a result of natural cycle IVF. Robert G. Edwards, the physiologist who developed the treatment, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2010.

What is involved with in vitro fertilization?

There are five basic steps in the IVF and embryo transfer process which include the following:

  • Monitor and stimulate the development of healthy egg(s) in the ovaries.
  • Collect the eggs.
  • Secure the sperm.
  • Transfer embryos into the uterus.
  • Combine the eggs and sperm together in the laboratory and provide the appropriate environment for fertilization and early embryo growth.