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What is the Difference Between IVF and Test Tube Baby?

IVF and Test Tube Baby are interchangeable terms used to describe in-vitro fertilization treatments to achieve pregnancy. The term ‘test tube baby’ was used as an alternative non-medical name for IVF primarily two decades ago. The general idea behind this name is a ‘test tube’ that is used for embryo fertilization, which is performed outside the woman’s womb or uterus. 

So the answer is – “There is no difference between IVF and test tube baby. The term ‘test tube baby’ is a casual name for IVF procedures and gained popularity two decades ago when not too many people were aware of its medical term, In-vitro Fertilization (IVF).

In India, there are many fertility centres and hospitals that confuse people between the terms – IVF and test tube baby. Before the introduction of IVF procedures in the country, the term ‘test tube baby’ was used to educate people in India. However, as IVF is gaining popularity in the country, the old term is gradually fading away. 

Continue to find answers to other common questions related to test tube babies and similar confusing questions. 

What is the difference between surrogacy and test tube baby?

Surrogacy and test tube baby are different terms used in completely different infertility conditions. 

Here is the main difference between surrogacy and test tube baby- 

“Surrogacy involves a woman carrying and delivering a baby for another couple. In contrast, test tube baby (IVF) refers to the fertilization of a woman’s egg outside the fallopian tube or uterus. In surrogacy, the surrogate mother carries the baby conceived using the intended parents’ sperm. However, in IVF, the procedure can use the couple’s sperm or donated sperm if needed.”

Despite both methods aiming to help infertile couples become parents, the infertility treatment procedures, tests, and overall processes are distinctly different.

Do test tube babies live a healthy life?

The answer is – “Yes, test tube babies live a healthy life. In fact, they may have more healthy genetics than normal conceived babies. Because nowadays, during the IVF process (test tube babies), doctors sometimes send couples for genetic testing to remove or eliminate potential threats to upcoming babies, such as disability, genetic disorder, disease, and more.

However, genetic testing is not mandatory and is only performed if the doctor thinks of any potential complexity for a future baby. 

So, are test tube babies different from natural-born babies? Definitely not. They are as healthy and active as natural-born with the same capabilities and growth potential, both mentally & physically.   

What is the difference between a test tube baby and a clone?

Similar to the difference between IVF Treatment and a test tube baby, people often get confused with the term ‘clone’. The main difference between a test tube baby and a clone lies in their methods of conception and genetic makeup.

“A test tube baby, or IVF baby, is conceived outside the body through the fertilization of an egg and sperm in a laboratory dish before being implanted into a woman’s uterus. On the other hand, a clone is an exact genetic copy of another organism, created through a process called somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), where the nucleus of a somatic cell is transferred into an egg cell that has had its nucleus removed.”

While both techniques involve assisted reproductive technologies, a test tube baby has genetic material from two parents, whereas a clone has genetic material identical to that of a single parent.

What would be the birth date for a test tube baby?

The birth date for a test tube baby, conceived through in vitro fertilization (IVF), is calculated the same as for naturally conceived babies. In IVF, once the egg is fertilized, it is implanted back into the woman’s womb, mimicking the natural pregnancy process. Therefore, the birth date for a test tube baby is the same as the day it is born, similar to that of naturally conceived babies.

For example, if a test tube baby is born on the 1st day of January, the birth date of the test tube baby would be January 1.  

Do test tube babies have belly buttons?

People on different forums have multiple opinions, and that confuses couples. This often worries them if their IVF baby (test tube baby) has belly buttons or not, unlike other naturally conceived babies. 

The answer is – “Yes, test tube babies have belly buttons. During the in vitro fertilization (IVF) process, once the embryo is implanted into the woman’s uterus and the baby is born, the umbilical cord is typically cut, leaving a small stump that eventually falls off, leaving behind the belly button. So, like naturally conceived babies, test tube babies also have belly buttons.

Which is the best test tube baby center?

Here is the direct answer – “Vardaan Medical Center is the best test tube baby center with two branches in Jalandhar and Amritsar, Punjab, with a success rate of over 75% in IVF.

It is a well-known IVF clinic with a strong reputation for providing quality care and high success rates in infertility treatments. Located in Jalandhar and Amritsar, in Punjab, Vardaan IVF offers a range of assisted reproductive technologies, including IVF, IUI, and egg donation, with a focus on personalized care and patient support. Their team of experienced doctors and staff is dedicated to helping couples achieve their dream of parenthood.


While terms such as test tube baby, IVF, clone, and surrogacy might seem confusing, all are related to pregnancy. As you read through the answers to all the relevant questions, including the difference between a test tube baby and an IVF and clone, you’ll get a direct answer to these questions without intimidating you. Additionally, a few answers in the content help you to clarify other relevant questions related to the test tube baby, such as their health, belly button, and top center for IVF or the test tube baby. 

Vardaan stands as the  IVF center in Jalandhar. If you have any questions about infertility or pregnancy, or if you want to conceive, call us at +91 9814021991.  

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