The current rate of unexplained infertility is about 50% for couples with a woman under age 35 and about 80% by age 40.
If you’ve tried to have pregnancy for a year or more and your infertility specialist has found no obvious cause of infertility, such as low egg production or blocked fallopian tubes, you have what specialists call ‘unexplained infertility.
Unexplained infertility is certainly a challenging form of infertility. And the truth is, it’s both good news and bad news.
The good thing is unexplained infertility means that there is no specific cause of infertility in you. However, that’s also the bad news — we don’t know exactly why you have not been able to conceive.
This condition of infertility does not mean you won’t get pregnant. Numerous couples who suffer from unexplained infertility have been successful at conceiving by using fertility treatment or by natural means.
So, when should you go for fertility treatment? The answer depends on various aspects that might decrease or increase your chance of pregnancy and your personal choices for seeking treatment or not.
Our guide below can help you explore your treatment options and consider the next steps.
What exactly does unexplained infertility mean?:
Unexplained infertility is when standard infertility testing has not found a cause of infertility in a male or a female partner. Some infertility experts hold that a diagnosis of this type of infertility is a non-diagnosis.
Estimates indicate that around 15-30% of couples experiencing infertility are diagnosed as having unexplained infertility. This makes it one of the biggest causes of infertility in childless couples.
Getting pregnant requires many factors to occur simultaneously, and any problem during the process can result in infertility for many childless couples. Even for fertile couples, the chance of having a pregnancy in a given month is only between 18 and 20%.
Causes of unexplained infertility:
As mentioned above, the causes of unexplained infertility are unknown. It’s possible that a childless couple who are fertile may face unexplained infertility after one year of trying.
Similarly, some fertility experts think that a possible cause of unexplained infertility is that the tests performed to examine infertility in the first place may have missed some important defects due to imperfect testing procedures.
Some possible causes of unexplained infertility involve:
Poor egg quality
Poor sperm quality
Insufficient frequency of sexual intercourse or intercourse not timed according to ovulation
Problems with the fallopian tubes or uterus
How do I get diagnosed with unexplained infertility?:
To know the cause of infertility, infertility experts perform several tests on couples. In males, experts look at sperm count and characteristics, including motility and shape. They also examine the likelihood of the sperm to fertilize an egg based on the motility and shape.
In females, infertility experts evaluate ovarian function, monitor proper ovulation, perform tubal and uterine tests, and check various hormone levels. The lack of a cause for infertility leaves us with the diagnosis of unexplained infertility.
How to improve your chance of pregnancy?:
Get your timing right
Your window of ovulation to have a pregnancy each month is small. Pregnancy is only possible if you perform sexual intercourse during the three days leading up to ovulation or on the day of ovulation.
This calculator can help you know the time of ovulation. Knowing your body changes when ovulation is approaching can help.
For example, a few days before ovulation, some changes occur in the vaginal mucus. It becomes clear and slippery, and a bit like egg white comes out. If you notice this, it’s time to do sexual intercourse.
Be as healthy as possible
Some lifestyle factors can affect your chance of conceiving and the health of your little one. While trying to get pregnant, males and females should both strive to:
Maintain a healthy weight
Eat a nutritious diet and exercise regularly
Avoid drinking alcohol
Take a recommended folate and iodine supplement (for females only)
See a specialist if you suspect an infection or swelling
Have a preconception health check
Females should visit their infertility specialist for a preconception health check before trying to get pregnant. Check that your immunizations are up-to-date and that any medicine or complementary therapy you’re taking is safe.
Treatment options for unexplained infertility:
Unexplained infertility is treated experientially. This means a treatment strategy is based on clinical expertise and some additional efforts. The most common treatment plan for unexplained infertility looks like this:
Especially when you have unexplained fertility, you should focus on your overall health. The most commonly suggested lifestyle changes to boost your fertility are to:
Avoid drinking alcohol.
Cut down on caffeinated drinks.
Lose weight and exercise regularly.
Perform stress management.
IUI and Medications
For those with unexplained fertility, IUI with fertility medications is the best way to increase your chances of pregnancy. Due to low cost and less invasiveness, IUI treatment with fertility medications is worth trying.
In vitro fertilization (IVF) has high success rates in young females with normal ovarian reserve testing and unexplained infertility. Most childless couples with unexplained infertility with a female partner under age 40 will go for about three artificial inseminations and, if not pregnant – do IVF.
Choose Vardaan Medical Center for the best infertility treatment:
Vardaan Medical Center is a well-known name in providing the best infertility treatment in Punjab. We have a team of highly qualified and experienced infertility specialists who have years of expertise in treating complex infertility problems.
Get started on your pregnancy journey by consulting our fertility experts